Legal Framework

 

The punishment of hate crime and hate speech are provided for by international and European law and they are discussed in reports issued by institutions such as the Fundamental Rights Agency and NGOs.

EU
European Union legislation on racist hate crime and speech is in the Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law.

UN
The ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) and the ICERD (International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination) are the two treaties that cover hate crime and hate speech. See if your country has imposed reservations on Article 19 or 20 of ICCPR and Article 4 of ICERD. This will reflect the national interpretation of the limits of expression on hate speech. To view the treaties please visit:
ICCPR
ICERD
Here you will find the ratification status of all countries to UN treaties.

Here you can search for the documents issued by the UN or submitted to the UN by your country. Again, look for the ICCPR and the ICERD and search for Concluding Observations. Have a look to see if anything has been said or recommended regarding hate speech/hate crime.

Council of Europe
The Additional Protocol to the Convention on Cybercrime concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems can be found here.

The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), part of the Council of Europe, has published a general policy recommendation on combating hate speech.

OSCE
Publish data on hate crime from 46 European countries. The 2014 report is available here.

FRA
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights publish reports and survey results on hate crime, accessible from here.

ENAR
The European Network Against Racism (a network of Non Governmental Organisations across Europe) publish annual reports on racism in Europe, which contain information on racist and religious hate crime and hate speech found here.